If you are overwhelmed by debt that you simply can’t keep up with, your creditors and debt collectors won’t let you forget it. The calls, the letters, the harassment and constant threats of garnishments, lawsuits, foreclosures, or evictions become a constant presence in your life. You just want it to stop.
The filing of a bankruptcy petition can do that. It marks the end, at least temporarily, of the almost daily reminders of the dire consequences of your current financial situation.
When a bankruptcy petition is filed, an “automatic stay” goes into effect at that very moment. The automatic stay applies to a broad classification of actions against a debtor and is in effect a “time-out” that can allow you, your attorney, the court, and creditors to develop the plans to move forward.
What the Automatic Stay Stops
Under the Bankruptcy Code, most creditors are forbidden at that point from committing any act that constitutes an attempt to collect on a debt. This includes:
- phone calls and letters from debt collectors and creditor;
- repossessions and seizures of property;
- set-offs of funds;
- perfection of liens;
- civil collection lawsuits.
Exceptions to the Stay
Not all creditors are barred by an automatic stay from continuing in their efforts to collect amounts owed from the debtor. For example, these will not be stopped:
- certain tax proceedings
- actions for collecting for past-due child-support
- actions for collecting criminal penalties
- eviction proceedings if the landlord has already obtained a judgment for occupancy of the premises prior to a tenant’s bankruptcy filing.
Otherwise, every creditor that you owe money to is barred from trying to collect it while the automatic stay is in place.
Lifting the Stay
Once the automatic stay is in place, creditors who are now thwarted in their efforts to collect from you can ask the bankruptcy court to lift the stay for their particular debt, allowing them to proceed with their efforts to secure payment. You and your lawyers will receive notice of a creditor’s request to lift the stay and have an opportunity to oppose the request.
As with all aspects of bankruptcy law, the rules regarding how and when the automatic stay is applied and how it may be lifted will to a very large degree depend on the specifics of your situation. You should always consult with an experienced bankruptcy lawyer to determine whether filing for bankruptcy and availing yourself of the powerful tool that is the automatic stay is the right course of action for you.
The Law Offices of Louis R. Fine
If you are facing a mountain of debt that you can’t pay, I can help. I assist clients facing extreme financial challenges and put them on a path to a fresh start and a brighter future. When you meet with me, we will examine your financial situation, discuss your options and determine the most appropriate course of action. Please give me a call at (312) 236-2433 or fill out my online form for a free initial consultation.